It was the 40th anniversary of the Athens Polytechnic uprising recently. On the 17th of November 1973, tanks rolled onto campus, and in a bloody orgy of violence unwittingly sealed the demise of the regime of the Colonels. The Polytechnic uprising holds a vital place in Greek radical mythology – hell, there’s a public holiday for it – and it is a constant reference point by the media and the generation of ex-protestors – who now hold power in Greece and have set themselves up as the arbiters of radical memory – whenever another spate of political engagement emerges.
One ex-protestor, Mimis Androulakis, a student leader during the dictatorship period, “has argued that the Polytechnic Generation acts like a group of ‘vampires.’ In his view, through its deification, the Polytechnic Generation absorbs younger generations in its own past, rather than allowing them to develop their own genuine rebellions.”
I want to briefly explore herein whether something similar can be seen to be occurring in Queensland. With the Newman conservative government rising to power, and a movement emerging to counter it which makes explicit and constant references to its ‘glory days’ during the rule of Sir Joh Bjelke-Petersen, I want to ask whether a similarly parasitic relationship with the past is emerging, and point to a few ways it might be avoided. In the end, a successful movement needs to engage in a productive dialogue with the past, and with the currently global context of austerity, in order to be successful.
Firstly, lets set the scene. At a recent evening protest outside of Parliament, organized by the Queensland Council of Unions and attended by a diversity of activists from movements this government is attacking, references to the Joh period ran thick and fast. Placards with Joh’s and Newman’s head reading ‘you’ve got to be Joh-King’ or ‘here we Joh again’ are just a few examples of (albeit, mildly humorous) puns that captured what the movement leaders are thinking. The MC on the night, made this even more explicit, making clear that “those of us who were around during the reign of Bjelke-Peterson know all to well about the policies being handed down by the current government.” Even more problematically, the banner for a newly founded Queensland Civil Liberties Campaign (a possibly unconscious reference to the 1967-8 and 1977-9 Civil Liberties Coordinating Committee) reads: “we beat them before, we’ll beat them again”.
Firstly, and this is a problem of historical memory as much as anything else, the movement DIDN’T beat Joh. There were some memorable and highly public struggles, and the movement fought the government tooth and nail, but in the end the grotesquely high levels of corruption in public life simply unraveled during the Fitzgerald Inquiry. The now-laughable ‘Joh for PM’ campaign, more than anything else, ensured that the Premier’s attentions where elsewhere when it mattered most. This isn’t just the ivory tower historian being pedantic, either, for the Left overplaying its role in the downfall of Joh can lead to dangerous complacency by a contemporary movement no-where near as organized and coherent as that which challenged the Bjelke-Petersen regime.
The other issue I want to draw out here is around the slogan ‘here we Joh again’. To make another obvious point, the current Liberal regime is remarkably different to that which ruled Queensland in the past. Queensland itself has changed, for one. There’s no more gerrymander, which effectively disenfranchised Brisbane voters, and the nature of this government is tied irrevocably to international trends. While the Bjelke-Petersen government led nearly two decades of continuous economic growth, through its State-led development model, Newman faces the realities of the Global Financial Crisis and austerity.
Now, the left are a very historically minded lot. We like to draw connections between the struggles of the past and how they seed the present. As Walter Benjamin had it in his masterful Theses on the Philosophy of History, it is the task of the left, as the angel of history, to “to awaken the dead and to piece together what has been smashed” by the onward march of bourgeois history. But what Benjamin meant by this was not mere historical archaeology – piecing together and recreating the past in the present – but bringing those corpses of the revolutionary past into dialogue with the present – “now-time” as he puts it.
There is nothing wrong with remembering the past. But we need to, like Benjamin, reanimate its corpse in the context of the present. We need a discussion and a dialogue on what similarities are there between the Joh period and now, what tactics worked and what didn’t. A pure veneration of the left’s (invented) victory of Bjelke-Petersen doesn’t help at all with this. Equally, we should understand, as activists like Humphrey McQueen did (State of Mind article) during Joh’s regime, that international events are just as important as the State’s parochial frame of mind. What would the anti-Joh movement have looked like in the age of Austerity? What can we learn from the multiplicity of struggles against this overseas? These are important questions we need to ask, or risk the ‘vampiric’ presence of the past sapping the creative potentiality of our movements.
 Kostis Kornetis “No More Heroes? Rejection and Reverberation of the Past in the 2008 Events in Greece,” Journal of Modern Greek Studies 28 (2010): 177.